In order to improve the standard of public administration in India through investigation of complaints against administrative actions, the Administrative Reform Commission for Redressal of Citizen's Grievances submitted it's interim report to the Prime Minister in October, 1966 with recommendations to set up the Institution of Lokayukta in each of the States to investigate complaints against administrative actions, which included complaints of corruption, favouritism and indiscipline. It was felt that the other existing machineries, namely courts, departmental authorities and/or other avenues were not adequate enough to deal with the menace of corruption, and therefore, an alternative machinery was necessary. Keeping this in view, the Commission recommended the establishment of Lokayukta on the pattern of the Ombudsman Institution.
In 1968, the Government of India on the basis of the report of the Administrative Reforms Commission introduced a Bill which provided for appointment of Lok-Pal and his deputies, which expression included Lokayukta for the States. Incidentally, the Bill, though passed in the Lok Sabha, could not be passed in the Rajya Sabha. The said Lok Pal Bill formed the basis of legislation in several States for creation of Lokayukta.
The provisions of the Lokayukta Acts vary from one State to another. Therefore, to keep an uniformity in the provisions of various Acts,
resolutions were adopted in the 1st All India Lokayukta and Upa-Lokayuktas Conference held in Shimla, and the same was reiterated in the